Aliceville is a town in Pickens County, Alabama. At the 2000 census its population was 2,567. According to the 2005 U.S. Census estimates, the town had a population of 2,465. Founded in the first decade of the 20th century, the town has become notable for its World War II-era Prisoner-of-war camp, Camp Aliceville. In 1902 the settlement that would become Aliceville was founded with the opening of a single store. The town was named in honor of the wife of John T. Cochrane, founder of the Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad and moving force behind the construction of the short line from Carrollton, Alabama to Aliceville. Within two years of the completion of the short line, Aliceville had grown to what the Montgomery Advertiser called in 1905 "a town of considerable pretensions. There are about a dozen stores, a bank, public buildings and numerous enterprises."